Roy Cashion


Roy Cashion

Roy Victor Cashion
Born March 19, 1881
Medina, Michigan

United with Hennessey Methodist Episcopal Church
ca. 1896

Parents: Frank S. and Josephine Cashion
Brothers: Perry A., Ira J., Byers, Carl O., Arthur W., Jesse H.
Sister: Ora V ( Dauner)

1st Graduating Class
Hennessey High School
Friday, April 30, 1897

Military Service:
Troop D
1st US Volunteer Cavalry
"Rough Riders"

1st Oklahoma Death In Foreign War
July 1, 1898
Before Santiago de Cuba
Spanish-American War

(from Hennessey Clipper )

From the Frank Cashion Papers

From the Frank Cashion Papers:

(Some punctuation and paragraphing have been added for clarity)


Men like books have their beginning. [Roy Cashion] was born March the 19th, 1881, Medina Michigan. The laws of heredity is much studied by Scientists and the general conclusion is, that in the universal law of nature, like produces like. Small radish comes from the small seed of radish, rich perfumed geranium comes from slips cut from one of its kind, descendant of a fast horse will be fast, and the posterity of a plug will be a plug.

But man has better qualities and possibilities than a vegetable or brute. His capacity and ideas are infinitely inspired and developed, he is not only an organic body, but he possesses an intellectual and a moral nature.

The subject of this narrative was born of humble and industrous parents, occupying no distinction by wealth or fame, his great-grand-father Cashion was born in North Carolina and was a Soldier in the war of 1812 at the battle of New Orleans. He moved to Perry Co. Missouri in 1825 and reared a family of stalwart boys and girls.

William D. Cashion, the fifth Son, married Miss Sarah Hager (?). Of this union six boys and one girl was born to them. In 1847, the father died leaving a widow with the family to care for in a new and unimproved country.

Like a true mother, she fully realized her duty to her family. Her greatest care and anxiety was how can I best educate and promote my children's interest. Early and late, she toiled and planned, carefully spending the earnings to real self denial that her little group of boys might be the pride and solace of her old age. With good health and energy, the home was made comfortable and self-supporting.

1860 came. With it the country was agitated to a high tension, war seemed inevitable. Sumter was fired on by a band of traitors, volunteers was called for. The two oldest boys don the blue to defend the union. So great was the contention in Southeast Missouri, all union men was compelled to leave home and join the army for safety. So all the five brothers served their time for the union and came back home except James M. Cashion who sleeps on the battlefield at Fredricktown, Mo.

Frank S. Cashion, the father of Roy V. Cashion, was the fifth boy, and served four years and 2 months in the union army. We all returned home to help rebuild the waste places made by the ravage of war. W. A. Cashion attained to professor of high schools. A.H. Cashion got into politics and held several places of public trust and served two terms in the Mo. legislature. J.B. Cashion was a fine auctioneer and mercantine agent.

F.S. Cashion chose farming, was married to Miss Josephine Weber in 1870, moved to Michigan, went in mercantile business, Frank and Josephine Cashion and appointed Post Master at Baldwin County Seat of Lake County Mich. in 1888, and held other positions of public trust.

Seven boys and one girl was born to brighten our home. It was a happy group, the youngest was a girl who appeared in the group like an apple of gold in a plate of silver. The family was of vigorous growth and enjoyed extra good health. The sixth boy died in its fifth year of diphtheria.

They had the advantage of good schools. The parents in choosing a location, school and church privileges was the first consideration, and was highly respected in social circles as they was energetic and conservative, devoted Christians and true Republican and loyal to the union.

As we stated in the outset, we can see the heredity tendency developing in posterity. Roy's father was the fifth son, and he was the fifth boy of seven brothers. His grand-father Weber was born in Switzerland, came to America in 1845. Settled in Perry County, Mo., was a fine scholar in Greek, French, German, and English, and was a tanner, a business which carried to a great success, and a devoted Christian of the Lutheran church.

As we proceeded to set forth, the life of this young man blends together the heredity characteristic of his ancestry. At Baldwin, Michigan, 1894, the family began to leave the parental roof, by one taking to himself a companion for life. In the following October, the family moved to Hennessey, Oklahoma, where they found good school, Christian privilege, and kind and generous citizens, and cast his lot among them to build up a home.

From the Frank Cashion Papers

From the Frank Cashion Papers:

(Some punctuation and paragraphing have been added for clarity)


Roy V. Cashion was naturaly a picture of health and well poised as his photo at the age of five will show, with bright intellect an affable nature, a boy that could think for himself. An incident here given will illustrate his power to think.

Once the family was talking about the value of cows & calves. He a little four year old tot, acted on a plan of his own. That afternoon his mother saw him with beef bones in one and and a hoe in the other, says, "Son what are you going to do with those bones?" With an honest look he said, "I'm going to plant 'em and raise 'ittle calves."

He was a studious lad and advanced rapidly, very fond of tricks in school, and often caught a licking for them, yet his grading was satisfactory in studies and deportment. Mathematics, geography and national history was his choice, and in them made the greatest advances. While he did not seem to study hard, his recitations was prompt and easy.

In a rough and tumble play, could hold his own, never quarrelsome, yet firm, and generous to a fault. Baseball game was a favorite sport, and he was always chosen when a close contest was played.

During School Vacation, he clerked in store's, winning the confidence of the business men, was an exemplary Christian boy, never got to large to attend Sunday School and church, united with the M.E. Church at the age of 15. A member of "The Coming Men on America," also joined "Pat Hennessey Rifle company" organized as city guard.

There was a little incident in his life, happened in the winter of 1896, which proved his courage of endurance. On the 26th of November, it being Thanksgiving day, a dispatch came for R. H. Drenen to come immediately to Kansas City. Mr. Drenen was 65 miles west with his herd of cattle, there was no way to reach him, except by horseback. Roy was asked to make the trip.

It being a fine warm day, accepted and mounting a pony, cowboy fashion, started off at noon with light wraps. About four o'clock the weather took one of those abrupt changes, known only in the west, a real blizzard with blinding snow and biting cold. He lost his bearing and wandered with dark on the prairie, finally came to a house and found protection from a frozen death. Next morning after borrowing suitable wraps, proceed on his way. It was four days before the parent heard of him, and was over anxious as to his safety. On his return home, he told his experience, how he mastered the situation.

Livingston's African Expedition was interesting reading to him, also war history of the late rebellion. Our schools here was under the best faculty money could procure in the territory. Scholars well improved their time, and some of the highest grades composed a graduating class of '97.

Professor L. B. Snider made a special effort to have a class of select pupils at the close of the term. There names are Bertha Bradfield, Mina Leighton, Maud Kerr, Dora Clock, Willis Binding, Roy V. Cashion, and Homer Chamness. Their subjects on commencement day was carefully and appropriately selected and the students was given ample time to prepare themselves for the occasion. They all acquitted themselves with great credit.

The war in Cuba, and the cruel treatment by the heartless Spaniards was read of by most all American citizens. Roy being familiar with history chose for his subject "Cuban's Liberty." He carefully studied the subject, and the relation and feeling that our government should show towards that worthy and downtroden people.

When ressitation day came, the class more than come up to expectations. Roy seemed to grasp the whole situation in Cuba, and threw his whole soul in the work with such eloquence and enthusiasm seldom equaled by famous speakers, completely captivating the entire audience.

Extract from his speech, "The Cubans will soon redress their grievances, Maceo was not martyred in vain, nor has Gomez led these patriots for naught. The cause they have struggled for is the cause for the rights of humanity, the oppression in Cuba has been tolerated to long. It is time to call Spain to a halt, for it is evident that she can neither govern or control Cuba. Her insults not only to Cubans, but also to Americans are insufferable and should be avenged. The rights of Cuba ought to be the great subject of our solicitude, and the United States should be the first to salute Cuban liberty, and I for one are ready and willing to help break off the shackles."

Little did we think that within fifteen months that he would give his young life for a cause that was then burning in his breast, he surely was honest in his convictions, and willing to defend it by force.

Reports from the Hennessey Clipper: The Conflict Begins

Excerpt from Hennessey Clipper, Feb. 24, 1898
Maine Disaster
Adm. Selfridge Gives His Views on the Cause of the Wreck

Washington, Feb. 20 - The set, worn look on the face of the president which has been there since Wednesday morning has relaxed somewhat. The terrible doubt in the president's mind is giving place to growing belief that the destruction of the Maine was caused by an accident. Among the earliest callers at the white house was Rear Admiral Selfridge, just placed on the retired list. He went with Secretary Long. His opinion tended toward the theory that the first explosion was from within rather than external. The admiral told the president he did not see how the destruction of the Maine could be accounted for on the belief that a torpedo had exploded under or beside her bow.

When the president asked Adm. Selfridge for his views on the disaster to the Maine the admiral said that, of course, all the information he had was newspaper accounts, but what he read strongly tended to implant a conviction in his mind that the explosion must have been accidental. He said: To my mind nothing but a great quantity of high explosives, such as are contained within those fighting ships, could have accomplished such disastrous results and slaughtered so many men. It is difficult, too, to conceive how the magazine could have exploded, in view of the precautionary measures taken, all of which I see has been fully explained in the papers. The same care is observed with respect to the gun cotton, and because of its extremely dangerous nature much more caution is observed. The dry gun cotton is stored above, while that below is kept wet and I can scarcely believe that it exploded. As to the suggestion that visitors smuggled some explosive aboard, the theory is not to be entertained . . .

The diving operations at Havana, as understood at the navy department, are in full charge of Capt. Sigsbee, and the order to keep private parties away from the wreck is said to apply to the divers employed by papers in New York.


Hennessey Clipper, April 28, 1898
Want to Fight With Teddy Roosevelt

Governor Barnes has notified the captain of the Hennessey Militia Company that they may furnish three members of a company of 80 cavalrymen which is Oklahoma's quota as called for by the president. At the company's meeting last night a re-organization was effected and John Rhoades was elected captain. The three selected to represent Hennessey in the Cowboys Cavalry regiment are John Rhoades, Fred Sponsler and Roy Cashion. The boys leave to-morrow to report at Guthrie. We learn that the names of Dr. Bently, Ed. Henry and Ote Hines have been sent in by another faction and that besides these several volunteers will go over and offer their services. Ex-assistant Secretary of the Navy Roosevelt, who resigned his high office because he wanted to get into active service has been appointed lieutenant-colonel, with authority to organize a regiment of cowboys. Roosevelt is a fighter and the boys in his regiment may expect active service.
Hennessey Clipper, May 5, 1898
Oklahoma's Company

The examination of applicants for admission into Oklahoma's Cavalry troop occurred at Guthrie Tuesday And Wednesday and was directed by Lieutenant Capron of the Seventh cavalry. About half the applicants were rejected. The Kansas City Star correspondent says that cigarette smoking was the most heinous offense of which a man could be charged and when a recruit pleaded guilty to this practice the surgeons were at once directed to give the closest attention to the condition of his heart and lungs. In almost every instance the cigarette smoking recruit was told to stand aside. Lieutenant Capron has orders to send them to San Antonio, Texas, as soon as possible and they are probably on their way by this time. They will be in Colonel Wood's regiment, with Theodore Roosevelt, lieutenant-colonel and will be mounted riflemen. Their title will be "First Regiment of Mounted Rifle Rangers," and they will see active servide(sic) if any regiment does.
Hennessey Clipper, May 5, 1898
Applicants for Army Officers

There was much excitement in Guthrie the first of the week over a dispatch from Washington stating that Oklahoma's quota in the first call for troops would be but 114 men. The territory has six full companies of militia all anxious to go, and six or eight companies of volunteers have been recruited within the past week. In addition, Governor Barnes has ten applications for commissions as Colonel, each agreeing to raise a regiment, 45 for Captain, each promising to recruit a company within ten days; 14 for regimental surgeon, ten for chaplain, and several each for artillerymen, hospital stewards, nurses and engineers, as well as two companies of Indian scouts and one of cowboy cavalry.
Excerpt fromHennessey Clipper, May 12, 1898
The Oklahoma Soldiers, Troop A, First Regiment U.S. Volunteers, Leonard Wood, Colonel, and Theodore Roosevelt, Lieutenant Colonel, The Regiment and Troop A are Well Officered, Sketch of Some of the Officers

The Oklahoma troops have the honor of being the first volunteers of the special cavalry riflemen to be mustered into service. They will be known as Troop A, First Regiment United States Volunteers. The troop was formally mustered into service this afternoon at 4 o'clock by Lieut. Capron of the United States army. After the men were mustered in Mrs. C. M. Barnes, accompanied by Captain Arrell, passed along the line and in behalf of the mothers, wives, and sisters bid the men God speed on their journey to free the struggling Cubans. Each man was presented with a bouquet by Mrs. Barnes.
Cuba Libre

At present the island of Cuba is receiving much attention from the United States, England and especially Spain. Spain wields her influence over Cuba as a despotic government. This is the cause of the discontent on the island.

Cuba lies southeast of the United States within 5 hours journey of Florida. It is about 160 miles long and varies in width from 28 to 125 miles. Its area is about the same as that of the State of New York and is about 28 times larger than long island. Its land is fertile and abounds in tropical fruits. It has plenty of good harbors and a climate so delightful as to seem perpetual summer. Cuba is a commanding position in the Gulf of Mexico and would serve to excite the ambition of other nations. It is no wonder Columbus thought he had reached the gold bearing country for which he was searching. “Is so near us” President Cleveland said “as to be hardly separated from our territory.” Columbus discovered Cuba Oct. 28, 1492 and entered the mouth of a river in the great land of which he had so many times heard. Forty years of cruel rigorous servitude sufficed to blot out three hundred thousand gentle indolent Cubans from the face of the earth.

For a long time Cuba’s agriculture capabilities were unknown to the greedy Spaniards having but one thought that being for gold. The steamers soon made the city grow into importance but the rest of the island was still neglected.

Havana was destroyed by a French privateer in 1528 and again in 1554 and in 1624 the Dutch captured it but gave it back to Spain. In the conquest of 1762 England won Cuba and about $4,000,000 worth of spoils. After about twelve months England traded it back to Spain for a barren tract of land in Florida. Once more Spain commenced her bloody rule. The Cubans have made a number of short lived insurrections for their independence since, the longest being the 10 years war which was ended by the treaty of El Jarjon (?). Spain gives Cuba nearly the same kind of government as England gave the colonies before the Revolutionary War. She was taxed without representation and the taxes were so great that the farmers or slaves were nearly starving after paying them.

Spain after putting a debt on Cuba of $200,000,000, wrung annually $39,000,000 from the island which is nearly half the exports per year. The war preceding the present one was closed by the treaty of El Jarjon.(?) This treaty provided important concessions in the direction of Cuban autonomy and the early abolishment of slavery.

It soon became a mockery in the hands of the Spanish administrators. Names only were changed not methods. The name of captain general was changed to governor general. A few laws were changed, but others took their places under new and softer names. They still taxed the Cubans without their knowledge or consent. They were careful not to let a Cuban hold an office were he could wield any influence on the affairs of the island. The Spaniards had but one view of the matter that was, that Cuba was bound to maintain the manufactures of Spain. The Cubans were doubly taxed, first on goods when exported, and again when imported in exchange.

The government at Madrid was always trying to reduce the price of sugar and tobacco (which are the main products of Cuba), their only thought being to raise more revenue. Spain practically confiscated the product of Cuban labor and in return neither gave them safety, prosperity nor yet education.

The Cubans will soon be ready to redress their grievances. Maceo certainly was not martyred in vain nor has Gomez lead the patriots for naught. The victory is already won but the fighting is not yet ended. The cause they have struggled for is the cause of humanity, and humanity in the image of the almighty must be free. The Butcheries of Cuba have be tolerated for too long. It is time to call a halt. Spain has given evidence that she can neither govern nor control Cuba. These cruelties should be ended and Spain given notice to withdraw. The Monroe Doctrine ought to have vitality enough for that if it hasn’t, vitality ought to be injected into it. The Spaniards insolence is insufferable and this is not only shown to the Cuban “rebels” but also to the American citizens. The rights of the American citizens ought to be as sacredly defended in Cuba as any where else, while the rights of Cuba ought be objects of solicitude in the great Republic of the West, and the United States should be the first to salute “Cuba Libre” and welcome her into the sisterhood of free and Independent States.

The Oration

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The Library is indebted to
Jo Elaine Cashion Matousek
for her loan of the Original

Letters From Roy--published in The Hennessey Clipper
Hennessey Clipper, June 2, 1898
Letter from a "Rough Rider"

We are permitted to publish the following extracts from a letter written by Roy V. Cashion of Troop D, 1st Reg. U. S. Cav. Vols., to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Cashion. Being from one of our Hennessey boys it will be read with special interest:

SAN ANTONIO, Texas, May 27, '98.

DEAR PARENTS AND ALL: Hurrah! We leave for Tampa, Florida, Sunday morning at 8. Major Brodie was just here with a telegram to that effect. I had begun to think we had been left out of that force that was to invade Cuba. I have been sick since last Sunday but was able to drill to-day, Friday. It made me well right away when we got those orders. Camp life is pretty dull here, or has been, but everyone is happy to-night and they have a right to be. Say, may be you think they haven't been drilling us lately, from morning till night.

We will be among the first that get to Cuba. Who is going from Hennessey on this second call, is anybody? I had begun to be sorry I came, but now I wouldn't have missed it. It had been rumored that we were to remain here till fall and that would have been what none of us wanted. Grandfather Weber wanted me to write to him. How are Eva, Ira and Leo? I am glad they have got there at last. I would like very much to see them. I never did see a kid I was uncle to, but I can tell him war stories when I get back. I bet he and Ora have a great time.

My outfit consists of one suit of brown clothes, 2 pairs of government drawers, 1 undershirt, 1 woolen overshirt, 2 pairs gov't socks, 1 pair U. S. shoes -- say, they are corkers, genuine box cars, weight about 5 pounds apiece; 1 pair of leggings, 1 gray horse, 1 saddle complete, 1 eating outfit, 1/2 tent, 1 woolen blanket, and a few other minor things; also, 1 Krag-Jorgenson rifle, 1 Colt's revolver, 1 machete. My horse is not as good as some but I like him first-rate. Our troop has gray horses and are as well-drilled as any in the regiment. Our troop may be the color bearers. Our 1st lieutenant McGinnis was promoted to captain of K troop, and our 2nd lieutenant Schweizer was promoted to quartermaster sergeant of the regiment. Carr from Arizona was made 1st lieutenant and an eastern college boy that is worth some money is 2nd lieutenant. The boys don't like it at all because they put these fellows in that don't belong to Oklahoma. Major Brodie is in command of our squadron, troops A, B, C, and D. They will be the first to leave.

The camp is full of excitement, everything is turned upside down. I am on stable police for the next 24 hours. I don't know what the program for to-day is. There are 100,000 rounds of ammunition here and 10,000 rounds of blank ammunition. I have got my stuff all packed up and am ready to leave at any time now. I am awful busy to day and will close. Will write more when I get to Florida.

Your son, R. V. Cashion, Troop D., 1st Reg. U. S. Cav. Vol.

Hennessey Clipper, June 16, 1898
From Our Soldier Boys.

From Roy Cashion.
Tampa Bay, Fla., June 4 1898

Dear Parents: We arrived here at 12:30 to-day and will not leave until about 5 o'clock, as all the horses have to be taken out of the cars and fed. We left San Antonio Sunday at 3 o'clock and have been traveling ever since. I have seen some of the prettiest country there is in the south. Arrived at New Orleans yesterday morning. There we were treated finely. All along southern Texas were fine forests, and at every station were crowds of people. The ladies gave us flowers, and once and a while they gave us cake or biscuits. I had a whole seat full of flowers and everything that they had to give us, and in return I cut buttons off and gave away nearly all of my Krag-Jorgenson shells; everybody wanted souvenirs. From New Orleans to Mobile we traveled along the coast and I saw some of the prettiest summer resorts in the south. Several big ocean steamers were in sight. We had more fun on this trip than a little. At every town since we left San Antonio we would run over the guard and talk to the girls. They always had something to give us; everybody comes to see us, as we have quite a reputation now as Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders. We stopped for an hour in Mobile. The torpedo boat Dupont was there. It was just brought in that day for repairs. It was in the battle of Matanzas, and it went to take on coal from the New York, but run her bow into the armor on the New York and had to go there for repairs. We went all through it. The men on board said they went in Santiago de Cuba harbor after the Spanish fleet was there; they said they saw them, but it was awful dark and they couldn't make out how many there were. They had a Spanish goat on board that they had captured at Matanzas. I was talking with the second mate, who seemed to be a very nice young fellow. He had been transferred from the battle-ship Nashville to that boat. He didn't like it at all. If he had stayed on it he would have gotten $1,000 prize money now, as the Nashville has made several good hauls. As it is, the men on board the Dupont have not got near as much show to capture a boat, but if they blow up a battle-ship they get $1,000 a piece. We didn't leave Mobile till after dark, and the darned Spanish sympathizers ham-strung five of our horses. We had to take them out the next morning and kill them, as they were ruined. After we had left there, about fifteen miles from there, somebody shot at the train. It hit under the window four seats in front of me. We didn't have time to stop and catch him, or we would have made short work of him.

When we started we had three days' rations issued. It consisted of one can of corned beef for eight men, and three hard tack a piece. At noon a can of baked beans was given eight of us,--that is what they fed us on for three days--but when the three days were up they didn't feed us anything but hard tack. The fourth day began at Tallahassee, so while the horses were taken out of the cars and fed, which took about five hours, us boys made up a foraging party. Well, the guard had strict orders not to let any of us off the train, but he was as hungry as the rest of us, so we got him to stand with his back to us while we crawled out the windows. We went up town and visited the stores. Some of us would crowd around the storekeeper and tell him all about cowboy life while the rest of them did their duty in filling their blouses with everything good to eat. We got better grub than the government had been feeding us, too. As we were going back to the car with our spoils we ran into Major Brodie. He gave us a sly wink and pretended to be awful mad. He said we hadn't ought to come where he could see us with stuff like that, as it was his duty to keep us from it. He said just so he didn't see us it was all right. Then we visited a lot of chicken houses and got ten chickens and two geese. Then we left Tallahassee. At several small towns along the way we managed to get enough pies and stuff for supper; of course we had them all charged to us till after we get back from Cuba. We crossed the Swanee river at about 10 p.m. I stayed up to see it, as it is talked so much about.

Every state we went through, with the exception of Florida, was the prettiest country I ever saw. Florida is altogether different from what I expected. It is barren, all the fruit was killed four years ago and has never grown up since. It resembles the sandy part of Michigan, in many respects. We arrived at Tampa June 3 and went into camp at Tampa Bay. The nights here are cool, but in the day time it gets as hot as the dickens. We are seven miles from the bay, and the people here say that the rain night before last was the first they had had since last September. Oklahoma is the best farming country we have seen. Flour in San Antonio was worth $6 per hundred, and wheat was clear out of sight. What is the highest wheat has been there?

I just received father's letter; glad to know you are all well. To-day is Saturday, and we expect to leave in the morning for Cuba. There will be only fifty men out of each company go first, the rest will be left here with the horses as they cannot be taken over until the second expedition. There is a string of ocean steamers over a mile long at the bay for transport. I have been doing my best to get on the first expedition, as they will have to make a landing, so it will be more than likely that we will have a pretty sharp fight in doing so, and I would hate it very much to miss it.

Well, I could write all day long of sights and things I have seen, if I had time. But now it is work nearly all the time. The regulars here had pay-day yesterday. Some say we will not get paid till July, but I think if we stay here a day or two more we will get paid all right.

Who is going from Hennessey on the second call? We joined the right regiment when we joined this, as Roosevelt can take us most anywhere he wants to. We are going to Cuba even ahead of the regulars, the first of all these troops here. There are about 30,000 soldiers here now and carload after carload come in every day. I must close for his time, as there is lots of work for me to do.

I wrote part of this riding on the train, so if you can't make it out, just let it go.

Your son, R. V. Cashion

(Notice the date of publication of the following letters. Roy Cashion died July 1, 1898)

Hennessey Clipper, July 7, 1898
Letters From The Front
Roy Cashion Describes the First Battle and tells of the Trip to Cuba
Tampa Bay, Fla., On Board Ship Yucatan, June 15, 1898

We have not left yet but last night we moved 15 miles out in the harbor and think we will go on to-day or to-morrow. I have not been ashore since we came on board. I have tried to get a pass but cannot. I would like to send Carl his money and send all my money home, as it is of no use to me. I would send it in a letter but am afraid it would get lost as the censor opens all our letters and holds them five days.

I am tired of being on board this ship, as there is so little room to move around in. This is the largest boat that is going and it is said it will lead the rest. I hope so, as I want to be the first one that lands.

Still, it has not yet been given out where we are to go. It may be to the Philippines, Porto Rico or Cuba. I hope it will be the latter as that is the place I started for. There are several warships here to protect us from the Spanish fleet, but there is no danger from that quarter. The torpedo boat destroyer Hornet is here, the fastest boat in the U. S. Navy. There is nothing new here--the same old thing. We eat three times a day and lay around the rest of the time. We have plenty of swimming but that is all we do get plenty of.

June 17.

I saw Cuba or a part of Cuba at 10:45 a. m. to-day. The island of Guajaba, loomed into sight -- the first land we have seen since we left Dry Tortugas. We are about 200 miles from Cuba now. While the big waves slash over our ship it makes us have a funny feeling under our belts, but we have such heavy stuff there that the force will not bring it the top, such as hard tack, old canned beef, and a few canned beans.

Night before last one of the torpedo boats captured a small fishing smack and one of the transports has it in tow now. The ocean looks like the prairie in the early days of Oklahoma.

I just saw the first Cubans. They passed us in a sail-boat. There were six of them. We can see the Cuban coast nearly all the while. These Cubans seemed awfully happy as they went by.

I will be on guard to-night and perhaps will see a hot time as there has been some talk of landing to-night. Say, I don't think there is any on board that knows where we are going except the captain and the colonel. It is the dandiest trip I ever took as we don't stop at any stations at all, and there is nothing but water all around you. Once in awhile you see land but you don't know where it is. All I know is that we are on the north side of Cuba--somewhere near the east end. Our destination is unknown, as before stated, but I believe it is Santiago. It is time for guard mount.

June 18.

I am still on guard, will get off at 5 p.m. I said yesterday that we were liable to make a landing to-day, but the facts are that nobody except the captain knows where we are or where we are going. We have been on the ship for a week and on the ocean four days. It looks as if we were going to Porto Rico. I will be glad when we get so we know where we are.

June 19.

Hurrah! Found out where we are this morning. We are within 80 miles of Santiago. We can see the island plain. Our first battle will be fought in the near future. Last night we had quite a scare. Transport No. 12 had in tow a tug loaded with ammunition which held her back, so day before yesterday out boat was ordered back to keep her company. We got about 60 miles behind the main fleet, and last night about 5:30 we discovered five battleships on the eastern horizon. Of course, everybody thought they were the Spanish fleet We were there without protection and that made us very uneasy, but they turned out to be our ships sent back to protect us. After that all went well. I will close this letter as we have to pack up now to disembark. Will write after the first battle is fought. I wish we had our horses. They will not get here for quite awhile.

The captain told me they were trying to make arrangements for sending money home safe, and I will send mine if possible.

I would write to Mr. Miller if they could get there regularly, but they will not come regularly. I will write him as often as possible.

Your son, R. V. Cashion, Troop D Rough Riders

From Roy Cashion,
In the Battlefield, Near Santiago, Cuba,
June 25, 1898

Victory is ours in the first battle. Our regiment with only 560 men routed between 2,000 and 3,000 Spaniards from their entrenchments killed 104 of them that we found and they carried off as many of the dead as they could, so it is impossible to tell what their loss was. We had 9 killed, 33 wounded, eight missing. Five men in our troop were wounded. John Rhoades was wounded in the leg. I have not seen him since the battle. Our regiment has been highly complimented by all the high officers here.

The Spanish lay in ambush on the right on the side of the mountain behind rock fortifications, and on the left in entrenchments.

They could have captured all of us if they had been brave enough to hold their ground. The boys all marched right to their places in line like old veterans. D troop formed to the left of the road and received a cross fire from the Spanish forces, but the boys advanced and fired as they went and it was not long till the Spanish were going head over heels down the valley. We captured a Spanish non-commissioned officer and he said we didn't fight fair. He said we just come a shootin' all the time--that we didn't stop when we fired so they could shoot at us, but just came right on. There wasn't a man in our regiment that fell to the rear unless he was wounded. I thought I would be scared but I forgot all about that and kept my eye on the Spaniards. I would like to write more details but we must go on and take Santiago as soon as possible. They will put up a hard fight there I think. This is all this time. I am all O.K.

R. V. Cashion

Report of Death

Hennessey Clipper, July 21, 1898
Roy V. Cashion a Martyr, The Brave Boy Killed at Santiago de Cuba, July 1, 1898.
A Letter from Corporal J. D. Rhoades Brings the Sad News.

Last Monday S. H. Withers received a letter from his brother-in-law John D. Rhoades containing the sad intelligence that Roy V. Cashion of this place, a member of Troop D, Rough Riders, had been killed before Santiago de Cuba.

Mr. Rhoades did not go into details in his letter to Mr. Withers and only mentioned it in an incidental manner, stating that he had taken Roy's letters, pictures, watch, and other effects from his body and had sent a portion of them to Roy's parents here. He had written them a full account of the matter, but had neglected to tell them that he would send the watch home at the first opportunity. The letter to Mr. Cashion has not yet arrived, and this meager information is all that we have of the particulars of his death. Mr. Rhoades writes that Roy was a brave soldier and did his duty well.

War is a dreadful thing, but its awfulness is never so deeply impressive as when the news comes of the death of some member of our community and with whom we have associated day after day.

This brave boy, for he was no more than a boy, being not yet 18 years old--had long been an enthusiastic advocate of freedom for Cuba. He graduated from the Hennessey high school in 1897 and chose for his oration "Cuba Libre". Many of our citizens who were present will remember his ringing sentences as he argued for liberty for the Cubans and now that he has given his own life's blood for what he believed was right, we drop a tear of sorrow for his untimely death, and of sympathy for his family. We will always remember his patriotism and devotion to his country.

Roy V. Cashion possessed the spirit of a true hero, no less because he was a private soldier and died in his first great battle, than if he had lived to wear a general's star and lead his army to a score of victories.

When the next annual Decoration Day services are observed here let the choicest and most fragrant chaplet be placed upon the cenotaph for Roy V. Cashion.

How sleep the brave who sink to rest By all their country' wishes blest; Where Spring with dewey fingers cold. Returns to deck their hallowed mould She there shall dress a sweeter sod Than Fancy's feet have ever trod.

By fairy hands their knell is rung. By forms unseen their dirge is sung. There Honor comes, a pilgrim gray, To bless the turf that wraps their clay. And Freedom shall awhile repair, To dwell a weeping hermit there.


MR. AND MRS. CASHION -- It is with extreme sorrow I write to apprise you of your son's death. He fell at 11:30 July 1 in a desperate charge, bravely, with his face to the foe. We were driven back but the men refused to abandon his body and after four hours we recovered it and gave it a Christian burial, the Captain and Lieutenant standing by the grave.

The entire troop sympathize with you in your bereavement, and feel as though they had lost a brother.

Obituary and Service

Hennessey Clipper, July 21, 1898

Roy V. Cashion, son of F. S. and Josephine W. Cashion, of Hennessey, O. T., fell a martyr for "humanity" July 1, 1898, in front of Santiago de Cuba.

The parents of the young man are natives of Missouri. His great-grand father Cashion was a soldier in the War of 1812. In the Civil War his father, F. S. Cashion, and four brothers were soldiers in the Union army, the former serving four years and two months. F. S. Cashion and Miss Josephine Weber were married in 1870 and moved to Michigan four years later where they remained until September 1894 , when they moved to Hennessey. Roy V. Cashion was the fifth child of a family of seven boys and one girl. He was in his 18th year and a bright and promising young man, very studious in school, graduating from the Hennessey high school in 1897. The theme of his graduating speech was "Liberty for Cuba," which he presented with much ability. Little did we think that scarcely a year would pass until he should lay down his life for that cause. He was a great reader of war history and seemed to cultivate a patriotic spirit. He was an active member in the "Pat Hennessey Rifles," organized here last winter. He united with the M. E. church something over a year ago. While not in school Roy clerked in some store, winning the confidence and esteem of the business men and held a warm place in the hearts of the young folks. When the governor called for troops, Roy was the first to sign the roll. He told his employers, Griffin & Griffin what he had done. They admired his position and with a few cheering words said: "Roy, if you are so fortunate as to return you shall have your place with us." On April 29, he bid farewell to his home and friends with the courage of a hero as you have seen by his letters sent back from front. He was in Troop D, 1st U. S. Vol. Cav., better known as "Rough Riders," who have won for themselves historical renown.

The news of his death produced a shock throughout the entire community, and the members of the family circle are almost broken hearted. The blow falls most heavily on his mother, whose health is not good. May He who takes notice of the swallow's fall, give comfort and consolation to them in this time of sorrow.


Memorial Service

A memorial service in honor of Roy V. Cashion, one of Hennessey's brave soldier boys who was killed July 1, 1898, in the battle at Santiago, Cuba, will be held at the M. E. church, Tuesday morning, July 26. Believing it would be the proper thing for all of our citizens to show their respect for the dead and their sympathy for the bereaved family, I hereby request that as a tribute to his memory, all places of business be closed from 10 to 12 o'clock a. m. of that day, and that as many of the business men as possible attend the exercises. J. H. BASH, MAYOR
The Memorial Service

The Hennessey Clipper, July 28, 1898

Memorial Services, The Citizens of Hennessey and Vicinity, Honor the Memory of Roy V. Cashion


Nearer, My God, to Thee Choir
Prayer Rev. Cookman
Just Before the Battle, Mother Choir
Old Testament Scripture Reading Rev. Van Dolah
New Testament Scripture Reading Rev. Cookman
America Congregation
Memorial Address Rev. M. Porter
Prayer Rev. Clarke
Solo and Chorus - The Vacant Chair       G. R. Gillett and Choir
Remarks and Reading Extract Rev. Cookman
Resolutions C. H. Miller
Song - We'll Never Say Good-Bye Choir

Rev. Clarke acted as chairman.

Rev. M. Porter, of Enid, formerly of the M. E. Church at Hennessey, delivered an able and eloquent memorial address. His text was Rev. 19:15: "Out of his mouth shall go a sharp sword and with it he shall smite the nations". The sermon was favorably spoken of in our hearing by several who heard it. He treated the progress of the nations through their wars and drew largely from history in confirmation of the statement that God works through nations to perform the desires of his will, and found in the lessons of the past an answer to the present problem which is that Spain has long ago ceased to be a factor in moral or material development, but has been an obstacle instead and must be put aside in order that God's plans may prosper.

Rev. Cookman gave some interesting incidents relating to his first and last meetings and conversations with Roy here and at Guthrie just at the time he left for San Antonio. At the close of his remarks he read an extract from Roy's graduating oration delivered at the close of his career as a student in the Hennessey high school in May, 1897, nearly 15 months before his death, which is as follows:

.”. . The Cubans will soon be ready to redress their grievances. Maceo certainly was not martyred in vain, nor has Gomez led the patriots for naught. The victory is already won, but the fighting is not yet ended. The cause they have struggled for is the cause of humanity and humanity in the image of the Almighty must be free. The butcheries of Cuba have been tolerated far too long. It is time to call a halt. Spain has given evidence that she can neither govern nor control Cuba. These cruelties should be ended and Spain given notice to withdraw. The Monroe doctrine ought to have vitality enough for that -- if it hasn't, vitality ought to be injected into it. The Spaniard's insolence is insufferable, and this is not only shown to the Cuban 'rebels' but also to the American citizens. The rights of American citizens ought to be as sacredly defended in Cuba as anywhere else, while the rights of Cuba ought to be subjects of solicitude in the Great Republic of the West, and the United States should be the first to salute 'Cuba Libre' and welcome her into the sisterhood of free and independent states."
The following resolutions were then read by C. H. Miller:


WHEREAS, On the 4th day of May, 1898, Roy V. Cashion, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. S. Cashion, of Hennessey, O. T., was mustered into the service of the Untied States as a member of Troop D, 1st U. S. Vol. Ca., better known as "Roosevelt's Rough Riders";>

WHEREAS, In the battle of Santiago de Cuba, while charging with his regiment up the San Juan Hill, a feat which will live in song and story, he was struck by a deadly missile, and his young life paid the forfeit of his bravery and devotion to humanity, therefore be it Resolved, by the business men and citizens of Hennessey assembled in a public meeting July 26, 1898:

1st. That we remember with pride the courage and patriotism of this boy, not yet in his 18th year, who offered himself as a sacrifice on the altar of his country, that an inferior and down-trodden people might be given an opportunity to rise among the nations of the earth and acquire for themselves the right of self-government.

2d. That those of us who have employed him in our stores can attest to his faithfulness in all matters entrusted to him, and that he was uniformly honest, manly, courteous and industrious;

3rd. That we commend these qualities which he possessed, to the rising generation of our town, as traits worthy of imitation;

4th. That we will ever hold his name and services in grateful remembrance, and that, while we drop tears of sorrow over his tragic death, we also offer words of consolation to his parents, to his brothers, to his sister - and to express our most earnest sympathy for them in their great bereavement;

5th. That in order to show our appreciation of his services we pledge ourselves to defray the expense of removing his remains from Cuban soil to a place in the cemetery at Hennessey if it is possible to be done.

Be it further Resolved, That while we are paying tribute to our honored dead we shall not forget the living; but that with genuine affection we this day and in this public manner remember our brave soldier boys who have left the comforts of home and pleasant associations of friends and are now ready at the command of their superior officers to go even to the uttermost parts of the earth at their country's call; and that we do hereby assure them that whether they go to the Philippines to redeem those gems of the Orient from the rapacity of Spain and the superstition of the dark ages; whether they turn their faces easterly to aid in the capture of Porto Rico or remain at their post in Cuba, or whether their course may take a wider sweep, and theirs be a portion of the honor of humbling the proud Castilian on his native soil, --we hereby bid them God-speed, wish them a safe return and assure them of our interest in their welfare.

Judge Stevens then moved that we adopt the resolutions as the sentiment of the citizens of Hennessey. and that a copy be given the family of the deceased and to each of the town papers for publication. Guy R. Gillett seconded the motion and a standing vote showed that it carried unanimously. After Rev. Van Dolah pronounced the benediction many friends came up and shook hands with the sorrowing family. The exercises throughout were very solemn and impressive and will long be remembered by those present. Many came to the door, could not get in and went away, while others crowded to the windows along the sides of the church and listened to the services throughout the entire program.

The Statue

The Memorial Statue

The Roy Cashion Memorial statue is located in Memorial Park on the west side of Highway 81 in Hennessey, Oklahoma.
It may be the first outdoor statue erected in Oklahoma and was paid for with funds collected from school children, town appropriations, and a warrant drawn on the territorial treasury.

The Statue in 1901

The Original Location of the Memorial

The Statue Today

Memorial in Memorial Park

Memorial in Memorial Park

Roy Cashion Historical Marker in Memorial Park 

House Bill No. 68
1899 Act of Oklahoma Legislature Allowing For Erection of and Appropriation of Funds for the Cashion Memorial
1899 Act of Oklahoma Legislature Allowing For Erection of and Appropriation of Funds for the Cashion Memorial


We Remember

Hennessey Family


Frank and Josephine Cashion 

Frank and Josephine Cashion


  • Ora
  • Perry
  • Ira
  • Jesse
  • Byers
  • Carl
  • Roy
  • Arthur



   Arthur and Lucille Cashion



Arthur Cashion

          Married Lucille Woodworth

November 17, 1912


Volita and Richard

Young Volita CashionYoung Richard Cashion



Cashion Store, Downtown Hennessey


Arthur Cashion is on the Right

Cashion Store 1902, Arthur on the Right



Richard and Maxine Cashion

Richard Cashion

Married Maxine Throckmorton

May 2, 1948


 Jo Elaine and John

JoElaine CashionJohn Cashion

Jo Elaine and David Matousek

Jo Elaine Cashion

Married David Matousek

May 17, 1975


 Jennifer Matousek-Ronck


James Matthew Matousek

Jennifer Matousek-RonckJames Matthew Matousek at Sister Jennifer's Wedding

Cashion Family Gathering in 1950's


Cashion Family Gathering in 1950's

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